Sunday, December 16, 2007

Pertanyaan Berkenaan Ibadat Korban

Soalan:

Salam Salimi,
Ana ada 2-3 kemusykilan berkiatan hal korban ni...harap anta dapat membantu..

1) baru ni ana dapat forward email kata org yang hendak berkorban tidak boleh potong kuku atau rambut sepuluh hari sebelum korban, betul ker fakta ni?

2) Macamana dengan korban haiwan rusa..betul kah di kira 2 bahangian. Alasan berat daging rusa adalah melebihi berat 2 ekor kambing..

Sekian Wasalam.

Syed M. Saufi

Jawapan:

1. Antara dalil asal kenyatan tersebut hadis berikut:

عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ r قَالَ إِذَا دَخَلَ العَشْرُ وَأَرَادَ أَحَدُكُمْ أَنْ يُضَحِّيَ فَلاَ يَأخُذُ مِنْ شَعْرِهِ وَلاَ مِنْ أَظْفَارِهِ شَيْئاً حَتَّى يُضَحِّيَ.

Dari Ummu Salamah bahawasanya Nabi s.a.w. bersabda: Apabila masuk sepuluh hari (awal bulan Zulhijjah) dan sekiranya salah seorang kamu hendak melakukan korban, maka janganlah dia memotong rambut dan kukunya sehinggalah telah selesai berkorban. -Muslim-

Mengikut pendapat ulamak-ulamak mazhab Syafei, antaranya As-Syeikh Baijuri dalam Hasyiahnya berpendapat bahawa suruhan ini adalah sunat sahaja. Walaubagaimanapun, tidak dinafikan ada ulamak yang menghukumkan haram memotong rambut dan kuku berdasarkan zahir hadis tersebut. Untuk jalan keluar, seelok-eloknya dielakkan melakukan hal demikian jika tiada keperluan.

2. Haiwan yang disyaratkan untuk berkorban ialah haiwan ternakan yang terdiri dari unta, lembu/kerbau dan kambing.

Firman Allah s.w.t. di dalam surah al-Haj:34.

]وَلِكُلِّ أُمَّةٍ جَعَلْناَ مَنسَكاً لِيَذْكُرُوا اسْمَ اللهِ عَلَى مَا رَزَقَهُمْ مِّن بَهِيْمَةِ الأَنْعَامِ[

Maksudnya: Dan tiap-tiap umat kami syariatkan penyembelihan (korban) supaya mereka mengingat nama Allah terhadap binatang ternak yang telah direzekikan kepada mereka.

Perkataan al-An’am yang bermaksud haiwan ternakan di dalam bahasa arab merujuk kepada unta, lembu/kerbau dan kambing. Adapun haiwan-haiwan seperti kuda, rusa dan selainnya tidak termasuk di dalam pengertian al-An’am.

Wallahua'lam

22 comments:

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PENDEKAR said...

Salam damai....

terima kasih atas info yangberguna....

teruskan sampaikan budaya toleransi dan damai mengajak manusia mencintai allah

Dr Kadir said...

Salam Ustaz Salimi,

Pernah terdengar yang hadith dilarang memotong kuku dan rambut'nya' itu merujuk kepada binatang korban dan bukannya individu yang mahu berkorban.

Lupa dah dengar dari mana. Betul ke? :)

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